Do you remember Mohammed Shami’s sports injury in the 2015 World Cup? Well, it made headlines at the time. 

The Indian fast bowler had played his matches with a fractured knee — an injury that had caused him discomfort during the tournament. Even after the World Cup, it kept him out of the game for almost nine months as he underwent surgery and rehabilitation. 

But despite the name, sports injuries are not limited to athletes. For every cricketer who sprains their shoulder or footballer who dislocates their knee joint, there is a non-athlete who does the same during their morning run or evening workout. If you are living in the Garden City and suffer from a sports injury, head on to the best rehabilitation center in Bangalore for promising results with Stem Cell Therapy.

What are Sports Injuries?

The term sports injury — in the broadest sense — refers to the kinds of injuries that most commonly occur during sports or any physical exercise. They usually involve the muscles, bones, and associated tissues like cartilage. There are two kinds of sports injuries:  

  • Acute Injuries: An injury that occurs suddenly, such as a sprained ankle due to an awkward landing. Some of the symptoms are sudden, severe pain, swelling, sensitivity in the affected area, and an inability to move. 
  • Chronic Injuries: They develop slowly and are characterized by swelling, pain while performing an activity, and a dull ache when at rest. They are caused by repeated overuse of muscle groups or joints. 

What are the common types of sports injuries?

In the world of athletic endeavors, there are many common sports injuries such as sprains, strains, swollen muscles, fractures, dislocations, rotator cuff injuries, and others. 

Here we have compiled a list of common sports injuries related to your knees and shoulders that you can avoid the next time you are playing a sport:

  • Knee Fractures

Fractures can happen to any of the bones in or around the knee due to high impact trauma. However, the most commonly broken bone in the joint is the patella or kneecap that protects it from injuries or further damage. When you directly fall onto your knees or collide with a person, your kneecap cracks due to the force, which makes the kneecap susceptible to fractures. 

  • Knee Dislocations

When the bones of the knee are out of their proper placement and alignment, the knee becomes dislocated. It can occur due to structural abnormalities or traumas such as a fall, collision, or even contact sports, and can include damage to the blood vessels and nerves about the knee.

  • Meniscal Tears 

The menisci are two rubbery wedges of cartilage that act as shock absorbers and smooth cushions for the thigh bone. Any damage to the inside of the knee can result in a torn meniscus. It is common in sporting activities that involve jumping or twisting, such as volleyball or soccer. 

  • Knee Sprains

Knee sprains are extremely common in sports. They occur when the knee is overextended or moved unnaturally, the ligaments that hold the knee together are unable to support the movement. There are varying degrees to them, depending on their severity.

  • Tendon Tears

Often referred to as a jumper’s knee (since it is common among athletes who are involved in running or jumping sports), it is an injury to the tendon that connects the kneecap to the shinbone. Landing awkwardly after coming down from a jump or a severe fall can cause a stretched tendon due to the direct force to the knee.

  • Rotator Cuff Tear

A rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that hold the bones of the shoulder joint together. It provides individuals with the ability to lift their arms and reach overhead. A repetitive stress injury or overzealous, overpowered arm swings may tear or rip any of these tendons.

  • Shoulder Instability

When muscles and ligaments that hold the shoulder together stretch beyond their normal limits, they become unstable. Such an injury can cause pain that comes on either quickly or gradually, and most commonly occurs in contact sports in which athletes repeatedly fall on their shoulders.

  • Shoulder Impingement

Often referred to as the swimmer’s shoulder or thrower’s shoulder, it is caused by excessive rubbing of the shoulder muscles against the top part of the shoulder blade. It commonly occurs in sporting activities such as throwing, racket sports, or swimming.

  • Shoulder Bursitis

Inside each of your shoulders is a tiny, fluid-filled sac known as a bursa that helps reduce friction between the bones in your joints. When the bursa in your shoulder becomes inflamed or swollen, it leads to a condition known as shoulder bursitis. 

  • Dislocated Shoulder

The shoulder is relatively easy to dislocate because it can move in so many directions and is looser than most other joints. A shoulder dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) pops out of the shoulder joint.

Wrapping Up!
Sports injuries can take a long time to heal or never fully heal at all. Hence, undergoing Stem Cell Therapy at the best rehabilitation center in Bangalore is important. It can provide you an alternative to conventional medicine with visible results.

Dr Na'eem Sadiq is a respected stem cell specialist at Plexus, and a prominent neurologist in Bangalore. He studied neurology and clinical neurophysiology in London, and worked with some of the most prestigious medical institutions in England, and the Middle East. He completed his MBBS at Bellary Government Medical College, and a postgraduate degree in psychiatry from NIMHANS in Bangalore.

Dr Na'eem has perfected his knowledge and expertise in Continuing medical education (CME), and training in tissue culture, Stem Cell Therapy, and neurology. Dr Na'eem Sadiq possesses an undying passion to improve people’s lives. This led to the creation of Plexus, a neuro and Stem Cell Research centre in Bangalore in neurosurgery, and neurorehabilitation.