Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation
Understanding Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory condition of the central nervous system. It is an autoimmune demyelinating disease, which means the immune system mistakenly attacks normal tissues — in this case, the myelin or protective covering around nerve fibers. It leaves scarred tissues or lesions in multiple areas, disrupting electrical impulses throughout the body. When the myelin sheath is damaged, nerve impulses slow or even stop, causing neurological problems.
Know the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis can cause a wide range of symptoms and affect any part of the body. Since the nature of the condition is unpredictable and there are four varied types, each person with Multiple Sclerosis is affected differently. Some symptoms develop and worsen steadily over time, while others come and go. Some of the most common symptoms include:
- Vision problems
- Numbness and tingling
- Muscle spasms, stiffness, and weakness
- Mobility problems
- Pain, depression, and anxiety
- Cognitive problems
- Speech and swallowing difficulties
Objectives of Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation
The goal of Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation is to help the patient to improve and maintain their functionality by overcoming physical and cognitive challenges. Rehabilitation specialists use the best treatment for Multiple Sclerosis, including Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy, and Cognitive Retraining to help patients feel and function their best — at home and at work.
If symptoms begin to interfere with everyday activities, a Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation team can address problems with mobility, dressing and personal care, role performance at home and work, and overall fitness. They also provide the newest Multiple Sclerosis treatment for speech and swallowing difficulties and problems with thinking and memory. Overall, Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation aims to promote wellness and good health.
Several rehabilitative treatments can help Multiple Sclerosis patients improve and maintain function at their home, work, and community by minimizing complications and promoting functional independence as much as possible. A well-designed Multiple Sclerosis rehabilitation program would include the following:
Stem Cell Therapy
Stem Cell Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis has provided a new ray of hope for patients. It is a form of regenerative medicine that uses autologous mesenchymal stem cells from the patient’s bone marrow to repair the damaged cells within their body. Stem Cell Therapy utilizes the body’s natural healing mechanism, reduces inflammation, and modulates the immune system.
Multiple Sclerosis Physical Therapy Rehabilitation helps increase strength and improve function and mobility in patients through targeted exercises. A physical therapist evaluates the patient’s functional ability and creates a personalized MS physiotherapy regimen designed to prevent complications related to muscle weakness and muscle contractures due to spasticity.
Occupational Therapy teaches individuals how to regain their independence by practicing activities to improve standards of daily living such as feeding, bathing, and grooming. It can also involve learning how to use adaptive tools to compensate for limited mobility.
Occupational therapists work closely with people with Multiple Sclerosis to help them conserve their energy during various activities at home, work, and community. Their ultimate aim is to ensure maximum independence to the individuals with Multiple Sclerosis and help them improve their quality of lives.
Speech and Language Therapy
Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis have difficulty in controlling their muscles affecting speech and swallowing due to the damage in their central nervous system. Various speech and swallowing exercises related to the jaw, lip, and tongue can help strengthen oral musculature, enhance ease and clarity of communication, and improve eating, chewing, and drinking.
Why choose Plexus?
Plexus is an award-winning neurological and stem cell research center that is recognized globally for excellent patient care, swift diagnosis, and comprehensive therapies. Founded by Dr Na’eem Sadiq who is an expert in treating neurological disorders, it provides the best Multiple Sclerosis treatment in Bangalore. Depending on the severity of the condition, our advanced team works closely with patients to provide the latest treatment for Multiple Sclerosis, along with comprehensive rehabilitation that includes:
- Stem Cell Therapy
- Physical Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Speech and Language Therapy
Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation Programs at Plexus
Our Multiple Sclerosis rehabilitation program at Plexus aims to help improve any mild challenges that may arise from the disease, and possibly slow down its progression. A wide range of Multiple Sclerosis rehabilitation exercises are used for physical conditioning such as strengthening muscles and relearning basic tasks. Apart from this, these techniques also address the mental and emotional component to help patients improve and maintain function at home, work, and within the community. These activities include the following:
- Functional strengthening
- Coordination exercises
- Balance training
- Fine coordination training
- Tool use training
- Splinting for weak lumbricals
- Gait training
- Balance retraining
- Speech therapy exercises
Multiple Sclerosis Rehabilitation Specialists at Plexus
Dr Na’eem Sadiq is a highly regarded stem cell specialist at Plexus — the leading centre for Multiple Sclerosis rehabilitation. He studied neurology and clinical neurophysiology in London and has worked with some of the most prestigious medical institutions in England and the Middle East. He pursued his MBBS from Bellary Government Medical College and his post-graduation in psychiatry from NIMHANS, Bangalore.
Dr Na’eem has been expanding his knowledge and expertise through Continuing Medical Education (CME) courses and training sessions on Tissue Culture, Stem Cell Therapy, and Neurology. Several of his papers on treatment for Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, Migraine, and Demyelinating Polyneuropathy, have been recognized and published internationally.
Dr Na’eem possesses an undying passion for improving the lives of people. This has led to the foundation of Plexus — a neuro and stem cell center that specializes in neuro-medicine, neurosurgery, and neuro-rehabilitation. Its mission is to help individuals with neurological impairments such as Multiple Sclerosis to overcome their disorders within the shortest possible time. Hence, it offers expertise, sophisticated technology, and the best Multiple Sclerosis rehabilitation in Bangalore and Hyderabad at an affordable cost.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the best exercise for Multiple Sclerosis patients?
Aerobic exercises, stretching, and progressive strength training can help improve balance, strength, and coordination for Multiple Sclerosis patients.
What are the four stages of Multiple Sclerosis?
Four stages have been identified by researchers in Multiple Sclerosis, which include:
- Clinically Isolated Syndrome
- Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
- Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
- Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
What does a neurologist do for Multiple Sclerosis?
A neurologist specializes in treating conditions like Multiple Sclerosis that affect the nervous system. They help to manage symptoms such as weakness, tremors, and fatigue, and overcome other such complications.
What is the most aggressive form of Multiple Sclerosis?
Fulminate Multiple Sclerosis, also known as Malignant Multiple Sclerosis or Marburg Multiple Sclerosis, is a rapidly progressive disease with severe relapses within five years post diagnosis. This form of Multiple Sclerosis is highly active and may need to be treated more aggressively than other forms.
How can I stop my Multiple Sclerosis from progressing?
Several lifestyle changes, including exercising, eating a healthy diet, maintaining a proper sleep cycle, avoiding smoking, and following Multiple Sclerosis rehabilitation guidelines can help slow the disease progression.
What should I avoid eating with Multiple Sclerosis?
People with Multiple Sclerosis must avoid certain foods, including processed meats, refined carbs, junk foods, trans fats, and sugar-sweetened beverages.
What diet is best for Multiple Sclerosis?
People with Multiple Sclerosis need a balanced, low-fat and high-fiber diet. Eating plenty of fruit, vegetables, grains, and fish help manage symptoms.
Can Multiple Sclerosis be reversed with exercise?
Exercise alone cannot reverse brain damage from Multiple Sclerosis or cure the disease. However, it might play an important role when combined with other standard treatments for Multiple Sclerosis disease, including medication.
Does walking help Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis Physiotherapy treatment should include activities such as walking, to help control symptoms, reduce fatigue and depression, and improve quality of life.