Cerebral Palsy Rehabilitation
Understanding Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral Palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders that affect movement, muscle tone, coordination, and motor skills caused by injury to or abnormalities in the developing brain. It is a non-progressive condition that arises out of damage to the brain tissue incurred during pregnancy, childbirth, or early infancy. Some children may even acquire Cerebral Palsy later on, as a result of accidents, neglect, or abuse.
Typical Cerebral Palsy symptoms include the following:
- Exaggerated and involuntary movement
- Rigid or floppy limbs
- Awkward gait
- Poor balance
- Partial paralysis
- Difficulty speaking and swallowing
- Intellectual impairment
- Vision problems
There are several types of Cerebral Palsy depending on which part of the brain was damaged and the severity of the damage. For the same reason, the nature and extent of Cerebral Palsy symptoms tend to differ widely from patient to patient, although signs of physical impairment will likely be visible in all of them.
Objectives of Cerebral Palsy Rehabilitation
The rehabilitation for Cerebral Palsy in patients will depend upon the type and severity of the condition. However, the main objective of a typical Cerebral Palsy rehabilitation plan is to reach and maintain optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological, and social function. It provides the tools needed to gain and maintain independence and self-determination. It also helps to:
- Manage associated medical conditions
- Copy with and control pain
- Assist with behavior and social interaction
- Promote independence
- Aid with eating, bathing, and dressing
- Optimize mobility
- Help with education and learning
The type of Cerebral Palsy rehabilitation depends on the severity of the symptoms. Some patients may only have mild tremors and muscle stiffness, and can overcome symptoms with Cerebral Palsy therapy, such as Physiotherapy. Others may be more severely affected to the point of being unable to talk. Such children will need Speech and Language Therapy in addition to Occupational Therapy.
There are several types of approaches and therapies used in rehabilitation for children and adults with Cerebral Palsy. Some of the commonly prescribed types include:
Physiotherapy plays a considerable role in easing Cerebral Palsy symptoms, in children as well as adults. Through a combination of exercise and assistive devices, patients become stronger and are more flexible overall, with a better sense of balance. They can also develop stamina, posture, and coordination, and improve overall physical health. Moreover, they achieve a significant increase in confidence levels when they successfully perform daily tasks on their own.
Occupational therapists work to help patients gain independence when performing daily activities, or adopting a routine at home, in school, out in public, and at work. The goal is to foster independence, productivity, and self-care, in order to improve their quality of life. Occupational therapists assist individuals with improving strength, dexterity, and coordination while performing various day-to-day tasks. They also assess and help enable better decision-making, abstract reasoning, problem solving, perception, memory, and sequencing.
Speech and Language Therapy
Speech-language pathologists help improve the patient’s ability to speak clearly or communicate using sign language. They also teach the individual about the use of communication devices, such as a computer and voice synthesizer, if there are difficulties in communicating. Apart from this, speech therapists also address difficulties with eating and swallowing.
Why choose Plexus?
At Plexus, we believe in adopting an all-inclusive treatment approach when tackling Cerebral Palsy. Our team of highly trained specialists aim to maximize independence in daily activities and improve the quality of life for our patients. Our Cerebral Palsy treatment plan consists of Stem Cell Therapy, which involves the administration of autologous mesenchymal stem cells extracted from the patient’s bone marrow.
Apart from the best Stem Cell Therapy for Cerebral Palsy in Bangalore, our centers in Hyderabad and Bangalore also provide a customized intensive rehabilitation program, which includes Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, and Speech and Language Therapy.
Cerebral Palsy Rehabilitation Programs at Plexus
Varying Cerebral Palsy techniques are used as a part of our rehabilitation program at Plexus. These activities range from conventional techniques such as muscle strengthening, manual stretching, and massages, to more complex motor learning-based theories such as neurodevelopmental treatment and conductive education. Our team of specialists use the following methods as part of our Cerebral Palsy rehabilitation program:
- Postural Training
- Reflex Integration Therapy
- Pre-Academic Skills Training
- Postural Correction and Balance
- Developmental Therapy
- Balance Training
- Postural Reactions Training
- Activities of Daily Living Training
- Corrective Splinting
- Stretching Exercises
- Handwriting Training
- Hard Function Training
- Hand Splinting
- Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy
- Adaptive Technology Training
Cerebral Palsy Rehabilitation Specialists at Plexus
Dr Na’eem Sadiq is a highly regarded stem cell specialist at Plexus — the leading centre for Cerebral Palsy rehabilitation. He studied neurology and clinical neurophysiology in London and has worked with some of the most prestigious medical institutions in England and the Middle East. He pursued his MBBS from Bellary Government Medical College and his post-graduation in psychiatry from NIMHANS, Bangalore.
Dr Na’eem has been expanding his knowledge and expertise through Continuing Medical Education (CME) courses and training sessions on Tissue Culture, Stem Cell Therapy, and Neurology. Several of his papers on treatment for Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, Migraine, and Demyelinating Polyneuropathy, have been recognized and published internationally
Dr Na’eem possesses an undying passion for improving the lives of people. This has led to the foundation of Plexus — a neuro and stem cell center that specializes in neuro-medicine, neurosurgery, and neuro-rehabilitation. Its mission is to help individuals with neurological impairments such as Cerebral Palsy overcome their disorder within the shortest possible time. Hence, it offers expertise, sophisticated technology, and the best Cerebral Palsy rehabilitation in Bangalore and Hyderabad. Plexus provides an affordable cost of Stem Cell Therapy for Cerebral Palsy in India.
Look at what our patients and their families have to say about the various treatments and therapies provided at our Cerebral Palsy rehabilitation center.
“We came to Plexus with the knowledge that it is the best Stem Cell Therapy centre in India and now that we have experienced its wonderful services, we can vouch for it. The team has provided excellent physiotherapy to my daughter.. Good luck to Plexus!”
— Ashalina’s father
“I’m 19-years-old. Two years ago, I was diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy. Recently, I visited Plexus and thanks to Dr Na’eem and his team I am now improving everyday. The staff was very friendly and took good care of me throughout my treatment and therapy sessions. They also made my recovery journey quite easy. It’s a great hospital and I recommend it to everyone suffering from the condition.”
— Mohammad Mashari
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the role of Physiotherapy in rehabilitation of Cerebral Palsy?
Physiotherapists focus primarily on stretching and flexibility exercises to ease contractures. They improve the range of motion of joints, increase strength and conditioning of the affected muscles, and improve coordination in patients with Cerebral Palsy. Postural training and endurance training are also important treatment aspects in Physiotherapy.
How do you rehabilitate a child with Cerebral Palsy?
The rehabilitation of children with Cerebral Palsy requires a multidisciplinary approach with specialized focus on Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, and Speech and Language Therapy.
Which therapy is best for Cerebral Palsy?
A wide range of therapies play an important role in treatment of Cerebral Palsy. Apart from Stem Cell Therapy, there are various other therapies such as Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, and Speech and Language Therapy.
Does Cerebral Palsy affect speech?
Cerebral Palsy often affects the part of the brain that controls speech. This leads to individuals experiencing oral motor functioning issues such as trouble forming sentences or using the correct words. In some instances, patients may also struggle with expressing themselves.
Can a child outgrow Cerebral Palsy?
There is no cure for Cerebral Palsy, and hence, a child will not outgrow the condition. However, it will also not get worse with time. Early therapy and treatment can help in better management of Cerebral Palsy symptoms.
Does Cerebral Palsy shorten your lifespan?
Individuals with Cerebral Palsy can expect to live as long as other people without the condition. However, they need certain Cerebral palsy treatment guidelines, therapy, and medication to improve their quality of life.
Does everyone with Cerebral Palsy have Dysarthria?
Dysarthria is a common consequence of brain damage that can develop due to Cerebral Palsy. Almost 90% of children with the disorder show signs of Dysarthria.
Can you live a normal life with Cerebral Palsy?
Individuals with Cerebral Palsy lead as normal a life as possible. However, they may need certain treatment, therapies, and medication owing to their condition.
What types of therapy do doctors use to treat Cerebral Palsy?
Doctors usually use a combination of Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, and Speech and Language Therapy, along with the newest treatments for Cerebral Palsy to help patients manage their condition.
What are the three main types of Cerebral Palsy?
The three major types of Cerebral Palsy include:
Spastic Cerebral Palsy
This is the most common type of Cerebral Palsy, affecting about 80% of all patients. Also known as Hypertonic Cerebral Palsy, it is caused due to motor cortex damage before, during, or after birth. It affects the brain’s ability to send messages to the body’s muscles. As a result, muscles become stiff and make movement difficult or even impossible — a phenomenon known as spasticity.
Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy
Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy accounts for about 6% of all Cerebral Palsy cases. It is caused due to damage in the basal ganglia — the part of the brain responsible for the body’s voluntary movements. Patients with Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy often exhibit involuntary movements, especially when trying to move voluntarily or when feeling tired or anxious. Dyskinetic movements can be of three types:
- Dystonia: Twisted and repetitive movements
- Athetosis: Slow, stormy movements
- Chorea: Unpredictable, dance-like movements
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy is caused due to damage in the cerebellum, which is the balance center of the brain. It affects the patient’s sense of balance and causes clumsy, uncoordinated movements. As a result, day-to-day activities become difficult, particularly activities that require precise movements such as writing or using cutlery while eating. Patients with Ataxic Cerebral Palsy may even walk with a wide gait where their feet are spread further apart from their hips. This is to try and compensate for their impaired sense of balance.
What is Ataxic Cerebral Palsy?
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy is caused by damage to the cerebellum, which is responsible for coordinating physical movement. Individuals with the condition often experience tremors and a reduction in muscle tone. It also causes issues with balance, coordination, and voluntary movement.
Is Ataxic Cerebral Palsy common?
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy accounts for about 6% of all Cerebral Palsy cases.