Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation

Understanding Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative conditions in the world. It is caused by the death of nerve cells in a part of the brain called Substantia Nigra, leading to reduced production of the hormone, dopamine. Dopamine is essential for the Basal Ganglia to work, which is the part of the brain that controls movement. When dopamine levels go down, it leads to tremors and stiff movements that are characteristic of Parkinson’s patients. 

Scientists have also discovered that certain gene mutations can affect the way nerve cells release dopamine, leading over time to nerve cell death. Another potential reason for Parkinson’s is exposure to certain environmental triggers and toxins. 

Know the symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

The signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease are usually manageable at first and then become progressively worse, with most patients having to rely on professional caregivers during the later stages of the disease. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Tremors in the limbs or jaw
  • Slowing down of body movements (Bradykinesia)
  • Muscle stiffness and rigidity
  • Painful muscle cramps (Dystonia)
  • Unsteady gait
  • Slurred or indistinct speech
  • Memory problems

Stages of Parkinson’s Disease

There are five different stages of Parkinson’s Disease — starting from the mildest leading to the most severe stage.

Stage 1

In some cases, stage 1 may not show any symptoms. However, in most patients during this stage, mild tremors and slight changes in movement and posture appear on one side of the body. 

Stage 2

Both sides of the body may be affected by slightly worsened tremors and movement problems. However, patients will still be able to do various activities on their own, but with difficulty.

Stage 3

This is the mid-stage of Parkinson’s Disease, where balance loss and slow movement is quite common. Patients can still lead an independent life, however, daily activities like dressing and eating  become increasingly difficult.

Stage 4

In this stage, it becomes extremely difficult for patients to live an independent life and perform activities of daily living such as dressing, eating, and bathing without any assistance. Patients may be able to walk independently, however in most cases, they will need an assistive device.

Stage 5

Stage 5 is considered as the most advanced stage of Parkinson’s Disease. In this stage, patients often require a wheelchair as walking and standing without any assistance becomes nearly impossible. Some patients are also bed-ridden and experience hallucination or delusion.

Objectives of Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation

Undergoing proper rehabilitation can keep Parkinson’s symptoms under control and significantly improve a patient’s quality of life. There is no cure for the disease, however, it can be managed and the symptoms can be relieved or reduced. The goals of treatment vary for each person, but in most cases, is designed to:

  • Maintain overall quality of life
  • Improve mobility and function
  • Reduce rigidity
  • Reduce tremors
  • Reverse slowed movements
  • Improve posture, gait, balance, speech, and writing skills
  • Maintain mental sharpness

Methodical Approach

Several rehabilitative treatments can help patients with Parkinson’s Disease achieve desired results in minimum possible time. A holistic treatment and Parkinson’s rehabilitation program would include the following:

Stem Cell Therapy

Stem Cell Therapy is proving to be the best treatment option for patients with Parkinson’s Disease due to its success in providing relief without any surgery or side effects of drugs. This form of regenerative medicine uses autologous mesenchymal stem cells from the patient’s bone marrow to repair the damaged cells within their body. These stem cells are then transplanted into the patient’s brain, where they replicate the properties of the degenerated cells of the substantia nigra. As a result, the Parkinson’s symptoms gradually go away with time.

Regenerative Rehabilitation Program

A comprehensive Regenerative Rehabilitation Program helps to maximize functional ability and minimize secondary complications of patients with Parkinson’s Disease. The main aim of the program is to help patients perform daily activities and maintain quality of life without  help, as much as possible. A well-designed Parkinson’s Disease rehabilitation program would include the following:


Parkinson’s Disease Physiotherapy treatment helps patients improve their mobility by reducing stiffness in muscles and improving posture, balance, and gait. Physiotherapy for Parkinson’s Disease includes training related to strength, endurance, and flexibility, as well as gait and balance training.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy treatment plans for Parkinson’s Disease help patients perform their daily activities such as eating, bathing, and cleaning as independently as possible. Occupational Therapists work closely with individuals to help them conserve their energy during various activities at home, work, and community. Their ultimate aim is to ensure maximum independence among patients and help them improve their quality of lives.

Speech Therapy

Along with movement, Parkinson’s Disease affects muscles in the face, mouth, and throat — causing problems with speech and swallowing. Speech Therapists trained in various forms of verbal and non-verbal communication, help strengthen oral musculature, enhance ease and clarity of communication, and improve eating, chewing, and drinking. 

Why choose Plexus?

Plexus is an award-winning neurological and stem cell research center that is recognized globally for excellent patient care, swift diagnosis, and comprehensive therapies. Founded by Dr Na’eem Sadiq who is an expert in treating neurological disorders, it provides the best treatment for Parkinson’s Disease in Bangalore. Depending on the severity of the condition, our advanced team works closely with patients to provide the latest treatment for Parkinson’s Disease, along with comprehensive rehabilitation that includes:

Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation Programs at Plexus

Plexus has a long history of treating and rehabilitating people with Parkinson’s disease. The main goal of our Parkinson’s Disease rehabilitation program is to maximize our patients’ functioning abilities and maintain their quality of life. 

Our team of advanced professionals have specialized training that allows them to provide the best medical, nursing, and therapeutic care. They evaluate the medical needs and treatment goals of patients as well as address the needs and concerns of their families. After thorough consultation, a customized treatment plan is devised to help each patient achieve the best possible outcome, which includes activities such as:

  • Hand functions retraining
  • Bradykinesia management and agility training
  • Functional retraining
  • Rigidity management
  • Speech therapy exercises

Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation Specialists at Plexus

Dr Na’eem Sadiq is a highly regarded stem cell specialist at Plexus — the leading centre for Parkinson’s Disease rehabilitation. He studied neurology and clinical neurophysiology in London and has worked with some of the most prestigious medical institutions in England and the Middle East. He pursued his MBBS from Bellary Government Medical College and his post-graduation in psychiatry from NIMHANS, Bangalore.

Dr Na’eem has been expanding his knowledge and expertise through Continuing Medical Education (CME) courses and training sessions on Tissue Culture, Stem Cell Therapy, and Neurology. Several of his papers on treatment for Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, Migraine, and Demyelinating Polyneuropathy, have been recognized and published internationally. 

Dr Na’eem possesses an undying passion for improving the lives of people. This has led to the foundation of Plexus — a neuro and stem cell center that specializes in neuro-medicine, neurosurgery, and neuro-rehabilitation. Its mission is to help individuals with neurological impairments such as Parkinson’s Disease to overcome their disorder within the shortest possible time. Hence, it offers expertise, sophisticated technology, and the best Parkinson’s treatment in Bangalore and Hyderabad at an affordable cost.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Parkinson’s Disease be cured by Physiotherapy?
There is currently no cure for Parkinson’s Disease. However, undergoing Stem Cell Therapy from a renowned neurological center, along with medication and Parkinson’s rehab exercises might prove to be beneficial. 

What exercise is best for Parkinson’s Disease?
A wide range of exercises such as biking, running, yoga, pilates, dance, weight training, and non-contact boxing can help to manage Parkinson’s symptoms.

How can I strengthen my Parkinson’s Disease legs?Aerobic activity as well as training for strength, balance, agility, and flexibility can help strengthen the legs of a Parkinsons’ patient.

What is the best therapy for Parkinson’s Disease?
There is no best therapy for Parkinson’s Disease. A comprehensive rehabilitation program that includes Stem Cell Therapy, Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, and Speech Therapy can help manage the symptoms of the disease.

Can Parkinson’s Disease be reversed with exercise?
There is no cure for Parkinson’s Disease. However, undergoing Stem Cell Therapy from a renowned neurological center and timely exercise can help manage its symptoms.

What vitamins should Parkinson’s Disease patients take?
Some of the vitamins that may help patients with Parkinson’s Disease, include Coenzyme Q10, Curcumin, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E. 

What is the newest treatment for Parkinson’s Disease?
Stem Cell Therapy is the newest treatment option for patients with Parkinson’s Disease that has been highly successful in providing relief without any surgery or side effects of drugs. 

What does a neurologist do for Parkinson’s Disease?
Neurologists are specifically trained in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system, such as Parkinson’s Disease. They help to manage symptoms such as  tremors, muscle stiffness, and rigidity, and overcome other such complications.

How do you calm Parkinson’s tremors?
A wide variety of treatments such as oral medications, injections, and neurosurgical procedures can calm tremors in Parkinson’s Disease.

What worsens Parkinson’s Disease?
Medication changes, infection, dehydration, sleep deprivation, recent surgery, stress, or other medical problems can worsen Parkinson’s Disease symptoms.

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