7 Post-Stroke Recovery Exercises for Your Whole Body

You may have heard the term — Stroke — before. You may even know someone who’s experienced one. After all, it affects about 1.8 million people a year in India alone, with thousands of these individuals facing long-term effects as a result. In fact, Stroke is a common problem for people between the ages of 55 and 65.

Understanding Stroke

Also called a cerebrovascular accident, a Stroke is a type of brain damage caused by an interruption in its blood flow. It occurs when the blood supply to a part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing the brain tissues from getting oxygen and nutrients. When this happens, the brain cells begin to die.

Symptoms of Stroke

The symptoms of Stroke vary depending upon the area of the brain affected by a lack of oxygen. However, they typically arise suddenly and most commonly occur on one side of the body. Symptoms and signs of Stroke can include:

  • Headache, nausea, and vomiting
  • Trouble speaking and understanding speech
  • Dimness, especially in one eye, or loss of vision
  • Confusion and changes in the level of consciousness
  • Loss of balance, strength, coordination, and sensation
  • Weakness or numbness on one side of the face, arm, or leg

Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Exercises for Your Whole Body

Almost all Stroke survivors experience at least some physical effects. These effects — which include motor and sensory impairments — can significantly impair the ability to walk, work, or even perform daily simple activities (such as bathe, wear clothes, or get out of bed).

Performing simple exercises at home — coupled with various therapies from the best rehabilitation center in Bangalore — can help speed up the recovery process. Let’s take a look at some of the exercises that can improve your strength, range of motion, endurance, balance, and other physical skills in your entire body.

1. Wrist Curls

Hold a lightweight item in your palm and rest your forearm face up on a table or your lap. Flex your wrist by bringing your palm toward your forearm. This exercise is good for improving the range of motion and strength in your forearm and hand.

2. Shoulder Openers

Bend your elbows to 90 degrees and hold them at your sides and externally rotate your arms. Think about initiating the movement by squeezing your shoulder blades together. Perform this exercise repeatedly to improve your strength and range of motion in the shoulder.

3. Table Circles

Clasp your hands together and place them on a table in front of you. Using a churning motion, trace a large circle with your hands around the table. Try this exercise 10 times clockwise and counterclockwise to improve the strength and coordination in your arms.

4. Lateral Trunk Bends

Sit at the edge of your bed with your hands on your lap or palm down at your sides. Then curl your upper body toward the right, making a “C” with the right side of your trunk. Focus on really stretching out the left side of your trunk. Hold for a few seconds, then switch to the other side. This exercise helps improve your core stability and balance.

5. Forward Trunk Bends

Sit on a comfortable chair with both hands clasped gently on your lap. Bend forward as far as you can go, reaching your hands toward your ankles. Then, using your trunk muscles, sit up tall. Repeat this exercise to improve your core strength.

6. Hip Flexion

Sit on a chair or edge of your bed. Gently tighten your abs and keep your upper body still. Lift one knee as high as it will go. Hold for a count, then lower and switch to the other side. This exercise will help to strengthen your hip and core, as well as improve your pelvic stability.

7. Sit to Stands

Sit on a chair or edge of the bed with your feet flat on the floor. Ensure that your knees are bent, and also your feet are directly under your knees. Lean forward and then slowly stand up all the way. Again, slowly sit back down. Repeat this exercise to strengthen your core and legs and to improve your weight shifting and balance.

The Road Ahead

Recovering from a Stroke can seem like a daunting task, but it doesn’t have to be the end of the world. With the right combination of these home exercises, along with consultation and treatment from the best rehabilitation center in Bangalore, Stroke patients can soon recover to live healthy lives.

Everything you need to know about Disc Prolapse

If you had to list the most important parts of the human body, your spine would probably make it into the top three. After all, it helps us stand upright, walk around, and acts as the central information center, a speedway of communication between the brain and the body. So it’s no surprise that when anything goes wrong in the spinal region it can cause a lot of pain and discomfort. Disc prolapse is a prime example of a small issue becoming a major inconvenience and bringing about a world of pain. But what is disc prolapse? Let’s find out more about its causes and symptoms, and how it can be treated at the best rehabilitation center in Bangalore.

What is a disc prolapse?

Your spine is composed of vertebrae, stacked atop each other. Between each vertebra is a rubber-like tissue that acts like a cushion and adds flexibility to the spine. Together the vertebrae and the discs protect the nerves in your spinal cord. Each disc has a soft, jellylike nucleus within the rubbery exterior. Disc prolapse, also known as a herniated disc or a slipped disk, occurs when some of the nuclei leak through a rupture in the exterior tissue and irritates the spinal nerve or spinal canal. It can be an acute condition — occurring suddenly and without warning — or a chronic one that develops over time.

What causes disc prolapse?

Disc prolapse is usually a chronic disease caused by gradual wear and tear of the area, known as disc degeneration. The chances of a disc prolapse increase with age and even based on weight, as these factors can increase the stress placed on the discs. Once disc degeneration is in play, all it takes is a strenuous activity, prolonged stress, or hard impact for the disc to prolapse. Examples of this include:

  • Heavy lifting
  • Sitting for long periods
  • A fall or blow to the back
  • Repetitive accumulated minor injuries
  • Twisting or sitting in awkward positions

Symptoms of disc prolapse

So how can you tell if you have a prolapsed disk? The symptoms depend on the nerve that’s been impacted by the leaking nucleus, but here are some of the most common ones.

  • Sharp, burning pain in the buttocks, thighs, calf, or foot (indicative of a prolapsed disc in the lower back)
  • Sharp burning pain in the shoulder or arm, which shoots up the arm with sudden movements such as coughing (indicative of a prolapsed disk in the neck)
  • Radiating numbness and tingling sensations in the affected areas of the body
  • Muscle weakness in the arms and legs
  • Issues with balance

If you’re experiencing neck or back pain that travels down your back, accompanied by numbness and tingling, you should seek the help of a medical professional as soon as possible.

Disc Prolapse Treatment

Once you’ve been diagnosed with a prolapsed disc, there are several treatment options available to you. However, the best rehabilitation center in Bangalore will provide you the following combination:

  • Medication — a combination of over-the-counter and prescription medication that may include anti-inflammatory medications, pain-killers, and muscle relaxants. If the symptoms persist, some cases may require cortisone injections around the spine
  • Physical therapy — will help you minimize the pain of the prolapsed disk with specially designed exercises and activities. This may involve spending time in a rehabilitation clinic, but several exercises can be done from the comfort of your home as well
  • Lifestyle changes — a doctor may suggest certain changes to the way you do daily activities to reduce stress on the affected area. This can help reduce symptoms in a matter of days or weeks

In some extreme cases, surgery may be required to correct the issue, but it’s rarely necessary. For most patients, medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes are enough to relieve the pain.

The human back is one of the most delicate parts of our body and houses some of our most important nerves. Even the smallest disruption to the area can cause serious issues. Luckily, disc prolapse is one issue that can be easily treated. Once patients learn to mitigate the pain, they can continue with their lives, but with a little bit more care than before. If you or a loved one is living with disc prolapse, look for the best rehabilitation in Bangalore, and start your journey towards a pain-free life.