When it comes to Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD, the kidneys don’t fail all at once, but rather happens in stages that stretch over a few years. This aspect of CKD makes it possible for it to be treated and slowed down, if identified early, with the help of medication and lifestyle changes.

Determining CKD’s various stages

The various stages of CKD are determined by the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR). Measuring the GFR is the best way to gauge the scenario and determining the stage of CKD helps doctors resolve to the tests and treatments that each of these stages calls for.

How is Glomerular Filtration Rate calculated?

A mathematical formula is used by doctors to calculate GFR and this formula is based on the patient’s age, gender, race and the levels of Creatinine in their blood. Creatinine is the waste that is expelled from the muscles of the body. When the kidney function dips, creatinine levels escalate. Though there are 5 stages of classification, the kidney function is normal in stage 1 and is only slightly diminished in stage 2.

Here are the 5 stages of CKD and their GFR values:

  • Stage 1 Normal or high GFR ( > 90 mL/min)
  • Stage 2 KD is mild (GFR = 60-89 mL/min)
  • Stage 3A CKD is moderate (GFR = 45-59 mL/min)
  • Stage 3B CKD is moderate (GFR = 30-44 mL/min)
  • Stage 4 CKD is sever (GFR = 15-29 mL/min)
  • Stage 5 CKD is in the End Stage (GFR < 15 mL/min)

As CKD worsens, dialysis or kidney replacement must be resolved to, so as to maintain one’s health. If you would like to know more about CKD treatment and kidney care, please do not be hesitant to get in touch with us. The earlier CKD is detected, the better it is. Do spread the word as well.

Dr Na'eem Sadiq is a respected stem cell specialist at Plexus, and a prominent neurologist in Bangalore. He studied neurology and clinical neurophysiology in London, and worked with some of the most prestigious medical institutions in England, and the Middle East. He completed his MBBS at Bellary Government Medical College, and a postgraduate degree in psychiatry from NIMHANS in Bangalore.

Dr Na'eem has perfected his knowledge and expertise in Continuing medical education (CME), and training in tissue culture, Stem Cell Therapy, and neurology. Dr Na'eem Sadiq possesses an undying passion to improve people’s lives. This led to the creation of Plexus, a neuro and Stem Cell Research centre in Bangalore in neurosurgery, and neurorehabilitation.