Behavioral Therapy is an umbrella term for different types of treatment used to identify and rectify potentially self-destructive or unhealthy behaviors. It is rooted in the principles of behaviorism — a school of thought focused on the idea that we learn our behavior from our environment. Hence, unhealthy behavior can be changed through repeated practise.
Unlike other forms of therapy, Behavioral Therapy is highly action-based. The behavior itself is the problem, and the goal is to reinforce desirable behaviors and eliminate unwanted ones.
How Does It Work?
Behavioral therapy techniques use reinforcement, punishment, shaping, modeling, and related techniques to alter behavior, producing fast and effective results. It is important to know about the basic principles of Behavioral Therapy to understand how it works. The techniques used in this type of treatment are based on the either of the following two theories:
In classical conditioning, an automatic conditioned response is paired with a specific stimulus that creates a behavior. During the process, previously neutral stimuli are paired with a stimulus that naturally and automatically evokes a response. After repeated pairings, an association is formed and the previously neutral stimulus will come to evoke the altered response on its own.
Operant conditioning utilizes reinforcement and punishment to either increase or decrease the frequency of a specific behavior. It is based on the idea that behaviors followed by desirable consequences are more likely to occur again in the future, while those followed by negative consequences are less likely to occur.
Types of Behavioral Therapy
There are different types of Behavioral Therapy approaches, that help address learned responses and conditioning, including:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the most popular form of Behavioral Therapy. It relies on behavioral techniques, but adds a cognitive element, focusing on the problematic thoughts behind behaviors. This type of therapy concentrates on an individual’s existing problems and how to solve them. The long-term goal, being to change their thinking and alter their behavioral patterns, to healthier ones.
Cognitive Behavioral Play Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Play Therapy utilizes play to assess, prevent, or treat psychosocial challenges in children. Therapists gain insights into children’s behavior by watching them play. They may be asked to draw a picture or use toys to create scenarios in a sandbox. The therapist also teaches parents various methods to improve communication with children, through play.
Applied Behavior Analysis
Applied Behavior Analysis focuses on improving specific behaviors, such as social skills, communication, reading, and academics, as well as adaptive learning skills. It is effective for children and adults with psychological disorders, and is commonly practiced as a means of therapeutic intervention for Autism.
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy
Dialectical behavioral therapy is a form of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy that tries to identify and change negative thinking patterns, while pushing for positive behavioral changes. It utilizes both behavioral and cognitive techniques to help people learn to manage their emotions, cope with distress, and improve interpersonal relationships.
Exposure Therapy is useful for treating specific phobias and other forms of anxiety. It utilizes behavioral techniques to help reduce feelings of anxiety, distress, or fear that a person may have, due to a disorder or previous trauma. It exposes individuals to a situation or stimulus that triggers feelings of fear or panic for them. Over time, this controlled exposure helps the individual to overcome these fears within a safe space.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy is an action-oriented approach that focuses on dealing with irrational beliefs. It helps individuals identify negative or destructive thoughts and feelings, and manage their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors in a healthier, more realistic way.
Social Learning Theory
Social Learning Theory proposes that new behavior patterns can be acquired by observing and imitating others. Observing others being rewarded or punished for their actions, can directly lead to learning and behavioral change.
Benefits of Behavioral Therapy
Behavioral Therapy has been effective in treating a number of different conditions such as anger issues, anxiety, bulimia, depression, stress, substance abuse and relapse prevention, and several other conditions. It also helps individuals:
- Recover from mental disorders by providing a support network
- Build self-esteem by focusing on problems and working toward their solution
- Turn negative thoughts into positive, more realistic ones
- Control anger and recognize the reasons behind it
- Communicate feelings with other individuals
- Improve coping skills for stressful situations
- Prevent relapses with the help of necessary tools
Disorders Treated By Behavioral Therapy
Behavioral therapy can benefit both adults and children with a wide range of disorders, including:
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Anxiety and panic related disorders
- Anger issues
- Bipolar disorder
- Eating disorders
- Oppositional defiant disorder
- Obsessive compulsive disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Substance abuse disorders
- Somatoform disorders
Why Choose Plexus?
At Plexus, we offer different forms of Behavioral Therapy to treat a wide range of disorders. These include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Play Therapy, System Desensitization, Aversion Therapy, Applied Behaviour Therapy, and Play Therapy.
We provide the best Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Bangalore for adults, children, and preschoolers. Our cognitive behavioral therapy services help to foster the development of healthy behaviours in individuals. Our highly specialized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy doctors also provide customized cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and anxiety disorder. We also help suicidal patients overcome their tendencies.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is an example of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
Addressing an individual’s underlying patterns of thinking, targeting problems, and designing coping strategies is an example of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
What happens during Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, the therapist helps you to change unhealthy ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving using practical self-help strategies. These strategies focus on immediately improving your quality of life.
What are the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy techniques?
Some of the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy techniques, include:
- Cognitive restructuring or reframing
- Exposure therapy
- Journaling and thought records
- Guided discovery
- Activity scheduling and behavior activation
- Relaxation and stress reduction techniques
- Behavioural experimenting
- Role playing
What are the three components of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
The three components of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy are Cognitive Therapy, Behavioural Therapy, and the art of practising mindfulness.
Why is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy good for anxiety?
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy helps to counter negative thought cycles, change negative patterns of thinking, and improve coping mechanisms.
What are the goals of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy helps to address underlying dysfunctional thoughts by improving behavior and functioning.
How much does a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy session cost?
An average 60-minute session at the best cognitive behavioral therapy clinic costs somewhere between INR 2000 to INR 3000 rupees.
What is the success rate of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
The effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy depends on the patient’s condition as well as their support system and medical management.
How do I prepare for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
Here are a few tips for preparing for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy:
- Get a referral from a doctor to see an Occupational Therapist or a psychologist
- Find the best cognitive behavioral therapist that offers a customized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy treatment plan
- Be open about your problems and concerns
- Take down notes whenever necessary
How long does a session of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy last?
An average Cognitive Behavioral Therapy session lasts somewhere between 45 to 60 minutes.
Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy effective?
Yes, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is absolutely effective.
What are the limitations of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy requires commitment and willingness to accept change. It also needs the patient to have an insight into the problem along with good cognition.
What is the difference between Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and other forms of treatment?
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a form of psychotherapy that addresses underlying thought processes.