Autism is a brain disorder that often makes it hard for one to communicate and relate to other human beings. The condition makes it difficult for the different parts of the brain to work in sync with each other. Currently, Autism spectrum disorder includes conditions that were previously called Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Asperger’s Syndrome and Autism.

The term Spectrum refers to a wide range of levels of impairment, skills and symptoms. While ASD only mildly impairs some, many sufferers of the condition are severely disabled.

Causes of ASD

Scientists still haven’t got to the bottom of it, but research points to genes and the environment as possible causes.


It has been observed in identical twins that if one has ASD, then 9/10 times, the other sibling has it too. In the case of non-twins, if one sibling has ASD, the other is 35 times more likely to get it that usual. Perhaps this has got a lot to do with their genes being the same. On the other hand, it has also been observed that most people who develop ASD have no family history of it.. This actually suggests the possibility of gene mutations – they can be inherited, but some just occur for no obvious reason. Mutations can actually be harmful, helpful or even have no effect.

Environmental Factors

These factors would be everything around us – the food we eat, the air we breathe, the water we drink and everything else that hits the body. The environment also includes the mother’s womb, where the mother’s health can directly affect the earliest stages of brain development.

The classic symptoms of ASD

  • Very little eye contact
  • Sufferers tend to look and listen less to people in their environment or fail to respond to other people
  • Sufferers rarely seek to share their enjoyment of toys or activities by pointing or showing things to others
  • Unusual responses when others show anger, distress, or affection

Please do feel free to get in touch with us if you have any queries regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder or if you are seeking treatment for it. Autism is handled at Plexus.

Dr Na'eem Sadiq is a respected stem cell specialist at Plexus, and a prominent neurologist in Bangalore. He studied neurology and clinical neurophysiology in London, and worked with some of the most prestigious medical institutions in England, and the Middle East. He completed his MBBS at Bellary Government Medical College, and a postgraduate degree in psychiatry from NIMHANS in Bangalore.

Dr Na'eem has perfected his knowledge and expertise in Continuing medical education (CME), and training in tissue culture, Stem Cell Therapy, and neurology. Dr Na'eem Sadiq possesses an undying passion to improve people’s lives. This led to the creation of Plexus, a neuro and Stem Cell Research centre in Bangalore in neurosurgery, and neurorehabilitation.